Gephysical monitoring laboratory
Gephysical Monitoring Laboratory is division of the Borok Geophysical Observatory – branch of Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 1956 in the framework of preparation for the International geophysical year in settlement Borok of the Yaroslavl region the building of a geomagnetic station for Geophysical institutes of Academy of sciences of the USSR has been started. The geomagnetic station, nowadays named Borok Geophysical Observatory IPE RAS, have been organized according to the order # 101-2439 from December, 9, 1955 of Presidium of the Academy of sciences of the USSR in which the list of scientific stations of the Academy of sciences of the USSR has been authorized and tasks on construction of stations for institutes AN of the USSR have been determined.
During carrying out of the International geophysical year (1957−1958), the Geomagnetic station “Borok” became the central station of a middle-latitude region conducting observations of a magnetic field of the Earth. Perfect conditions for carrying out of precision magnetic measurements — a low level of electromagnetic noise, absence of industrial pollution, a low natural seismic background – have predetermined its further development, as central experimental base of Shmidt's Institute of Physics of the Earth (IPE) for a wide complex of geophysical researches.
In 1963 the station has been reorganized to the geophysical observatory, and since 1971 the laboratory structure has been created in the observatory, the Gephysical Monitoring Laboratory became the separate division of the Observatory.
Geophysical experiments make a background of all scientific programs of the Laboratory. Today the Gephysical Monitoring Laboratory staff provides continuous observations of middle-latitude geophysical fields, designs the modern precision sensors of geomagnetic and air electric field, develops the information technologies of geophysical data logging and mining. Our researchers, using experimental data, mathematical models and numerical experiments, move step by step to the understanding of global electric circuit, like the invisible necklace of Earth forming by electric currents and every second shining with lightning between the earth surface and the ionosphere.